Better offer screening
A pilot project tests ways to avoid unwanted offers, accelerate organ allocation and transplant more organs.
To identify a program’s recommended filters, the model first finds the most effective offer filter for the kidney program. The most effective filter is the one that screens off the most donors.
A year in review
UNOS brings innovation, improvement and insights to strengthen a community passionately committed to being good stewards of the gifts entrusted to us. As we end 2019 and begin 2020, we are taking a look back on the stories from the past year that we feel best demonstrate our commitment to that effort. This multipart series provides a snapshot of the transplant community’s work in the past year to improve and transform the national transplant system.
"We want programs to understand what their practice is and to refine it — so organs are directed to hospitals that will take them, faster.” - Rob McTier, UNOS business architect
Some transplant programs field many thousands of offers in a year, but might accept only a few hundred for their patients. In June, United Network for Organ Sharing launched the first phase of a pilot project to develop an innovative tool that will help change that by altering how offers are filtered. The goal? Increase kidney utilization by helping organ procurement organizations, or OPOs, find an accepting candidate more quickly.
The offer filters tool will allow transplant hospitals to filter out donor offers they do not want to receive by creating custom-designed, multi-criteria filters, said UNOS business architect Rob McTier, who helms the project along with UNOS principal research scientists John Rosendale and Darren Stewart and UNOS data scientist Harris McGehee. Hospitals will also be able to select model-derived filters UNOS generated by applying data science to identify consistent offer refusal patterns. “You don’t have to worry about there being overlap between any filters,” McTier said. “If it meets one of your filters or all of your filters, you won’t get any offers for the organ.” Reducing unwanted organ offers reduces cold ischemic time and promotes increased utilization overall.
OPOs will also play a part in the pilot by reporting cross-clamp date and time, warm ischemic time, and kidney biopsy information when making electronic organ offers on kidney matches.
The pilot is a collaborative effort among the transplant community and UNOS, and has been years in the making. In preparation, a work group comprised of representatives from transplant hospitals and OPOs around the country was formed, and staff from the 29 participating transplant hospitals reviewed modeling data to set their offer filters.
“That modeling data is a new way of understanding acceptance practices,” said McTier, adding that dialogue among UNOS researchers and participants about filters was an effective way for transplant programs to understand their decisions.
Filters chosen, evaluated, but remain off
On June 17, UNOS launched the first phase of the pilot with 29 kidney programs from across the country. Participants used a tool called Offer Filters Explorer to select criteria to screen out kidney donor offers they did not want to receive. Though the selected filters did not actually screen offers during this phase, UNOS Information Technology Departments’ team members tracked whether each offer would have been screened if the filter was turned on. The filter information was displayed when a program received a kidney offer. The filters were set at the hospital level so they applied to all candidates at the kidney transplant programs.
“UNOS Research Department has completed their analysis of the offer filters pilot project phase one data and we are in the process of reviewing the pilot participant feedback,” McTier said in December, adding that the team is using the phase one data to begin planning for phase two.
Chosen filters turned on to screen offers
The project is iterative and will include more participants and options as time goes on. In phase two, transplant hospitals will be able to turn their offer filters on and off. When a filter is active, the filter criteria will be compared with donor data before electronic offers are sent. When the OPO initiates the electronic organ offer notification process, a bypass code will be applied to all candidate offers where the donor data meets the filter criteria and the filter is active.
Candidate-level factors added
Phase three will give transplant hospitals the ability to customize filters and exclude candidates from filters based upon criteria such as CPRA, or calculated panel reactor antibody, candidate age, and candidate blood type. Selected candidate criteria will apply to all candidates on that hospital’s waiting list.
The model uses a data science method called recursive partitioning. It evaluates all combinations of donor factors and applies a kidney program’s last two years of offers to find potentially effective offer filters. These combinations are like the branches of a tree.
Originally published June 28, 2019.